Plants that complement vegetable garden pairings in growth and production will be used in a companion garden layout.
One plant, for example, may attract an insect that protects a companion plant. Another plant may act as a repellant for a pest that could harm the plant nearby.
It’s also crucial to consider the nutrients that individual plants require. A companion plant may require less of a certain nutrient, whereas its neighbor requires it to thrive. Companion planting would eliminate rivalry between the two plants in this situation.
A companion planting vegetable garden layout will provide numerous advantages. The more assistance you can receive to develop a productive, successful garden, the better, most gardeners say. (Use Free Landscape Design Software To Create Your Garden)
In our guide, you can learn more about companion planting ideas and how you can use a companion gardening chart or scribble it on a piece of paper. By the end of our companion planting guide, you’ll have your companion planting examples and helpful tips on which plants grow with which and makes a great companion plant to your other veggies.
What Vegetables Can Be Planted Together Chart?
Companion Planting Chart
|Vegetables||Good Companion||Bad Companion||Notes|
|Asparagus||Basil, Carrots, Coriander, Dill, Marigolds, Parsley, Tomatoes||Garlic, Onions, Potatoes||Parsley, tomatoes & Marigolds protect against asparagus beetles.|
|Basil||Asparagus, Beans, Beets, Bell Peppers, Cabbage, Chili Peppers, Eggplant, Marigolds, Oregano, Potatoes, Tomatoes||Rue||If basil grows about one foot from tomatoes, it can promote growth and increase tomato yield, it also improves lettuce flavor.|
|Beans||Beets, Carrots, Chard, Cabbage, Corn, Cucumbers, Peas, Radishes||Garlic, Onions||Nasturtiums and Rosemary deter bean beetles|
|Beets||Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Bush Beans, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Chard, Kohlrabi, Onions||Charlock, Field Mustard, Pole Beans||Pole beans compete with beets for growth.
Composted beet leaves increase magnesium in the soil and aids photosynthesis.
|Broccoli||Basil, Beets, Bush Beans, Carrots, Celery, Chamomile, Cucumber, Dill, Garlic, Lettuce, Marigolds, Mint, Nasturtiums, Onions, Radishes, Rosemary, Sage, Spinach, Swiss Chard, Thyme||Asparagus, Cantaloupe, Climbing Beans, Mustard, Peppers, Pumpkins, Strawberries, Sweet Corn, Watermelon||Rosemary can repel cabbage fly, which is harmful to broccoli.|
|Cabbage||Beets, Celery, Chard, Lettuce, Spinach, Onions||Kohlrabi, Tomatoes||Hyssop, mint, and sage can repel cabbage moths and stop cabbage worms|
|Carrots||Beans, Lettuce, Onions, Peas, Peppers, Tomatoes||Dill||Chives help improve flavor, and rosemary repel carrot flies|
|Corn||Climbing Beans, Cucumber, Marjoram, Peas, Pumpkins, Squash, Sunflowers, Zucchini||Tomatoes||Tomato hornworms and corn earworms like both plants. Beans and peas help fix nitrogen levels.|
|Onions||Cabbage, Carrots, Chard, Lettuce, Peppers, Tomatoes||Beans, Peas||Chamomile can improves growth and flavor.|
|Potatoes||Basil, Beans, Celery, Corn, Garlic, Horseradish, Lettuce, Marigolds, Onions, Peas, Radishes, Spinach||Asparagus, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Carrots, Cucumbers, Eggplant, Kohlrabi, Melons, Peppers, Raspberries, Squash, Sunflowers, Strawberries, Tomatoes||Cucumbers, tomatoes, and raspberries can lure harmful pests to potatoes.
Horseradish helps increase disease resistance.
|Pumpkin||Beans, Corn, Marigolds, Nasturtiums, Squash||Potatoes|
|Radishes||Beets, Cabbage, Carrots, Chives, Cucumbers, Kale, Lettuce, Spinach, Squash||Hyssops||Radishes work as trap crops against some beetles.
Plant kale as radish deters flea beetle.
|Squash||Beans, Corn, Dill, Marigolds, Nasturtiums, Peas, Radishes, Strawberries, Sunflowers||Potatoes||Squash offers similar traits to pumpkins as a companion plant.|
|Strawberries||Bush Beans, Caraway, Chives, Lettuce, Onions, Sage, Spinach, Squash||Cabbage Family, Eggplants, Peppers, Potatoes, Tomatoes|
|Tomatoes||Asparagus, Carrots, Celery, Onions, Parsley, Peppers||Corn, Dill, Kohlrabi, Potatoes||Basil, mint, and bee balm can enhance growth and flavor|
|Zucchini||Beans, Corn, Dill, Garlic, Marigolds, Nasturtiums, Oregano, Peas, Radishes, Spinach||Potatoes And Pumpkin|
In the above vegetable companion planting chart, you can see which plants help repel other pests. You can also find taller plants help smaller plants by shading them from the sun. (Read Tomatoes Square Foot Gardening)
What Grows Best Beside Each Other in a Garden?
Garden plans for companion planting refer to growing certain crops close together while keeping others apart to ensure they all thrive.
Although there is scientific evidence to back this up in some regions and with specific plants, a successful garden plot planting garden layout is based on gardener observations.
You can find the Three Sisters used by some Native American farmers and is a highly recognized example of companion planting.
Squash, pole beans, and corn grow with each other as the beans use the corn stalks for support, stabilize the corn, and help restore nitrogen for future crops. Squash as larger plants can keep weeds as they provide shade and prevent moisture evaporation like most sprawling crops.
Here’s an overview of how many plants help neighboring plants.
- Assists in the companion planting layout design of your garden to maximize yield.
- It helps to control pests or the luring of them away from desirable plants.
- It helps attract pollinators to the garden.
- It will offer habitat and food for pest-controlling and attract beneficial insects.
- It can help an organic garden by adding nutrients without additions to plant health.
Although you can see how it helps, starting companion planting can be hard to get your head around. However, once you better understand how companion plants work, you’ll see that specific plants can be useful for attracting pollinators and deter pests. (Read White Spots On Tomato Leaves – What to Do)
How Do I Plan Companion Planting?
The new companion planting feature in a garden planner makes it easy to find the perfect matches for your plants.
In these apps, you select a crop and choose the companion planting button. Once you do this, you are given a list of the many companion plants for your garden.
Certain plants can grow well with one, yet they interfere with other plants. So, selecting companions for more than one plant needs doing.
You have ways to look at companion gardening, and it is vital when you grow something such as tomatoes near potatoes. They are members of the nightshade family, and growing plants such as these together aren’t recommended. (Read What Plant Keeps Flies Away)
On the other end, you have many flowering plants, which attract pest-eating insects. While some plants may attract aphids, the insects attracted from others can kill or repel aphids.
Other companion plants like nasturtium lure garden pests and squash bugs away from crops, and you can plant these close to fava beans, so blackflies focus on eating the nasturtiums while ignoring your beans. The s, we decided caterpillars and cabbage worms away from brassica crops like cabbage.
Other flying insects such as the Lily family’s chemical compounds secreted right from the startreen peach aphid. Zinnia companion plants vegetables anywhere close to your veggies.
Companion planting with certain plant combinations can help improve your growth, although you shouldn’t focus on it. Crop rotation, correct spacing, and proper soil management are key influences for growing besides having the best companion plants, which are a bonus. (Find the Best Mulch for Vegetable Garden)
How close is too close for companion planting?
Natural compounds found in many crops and herbs’ roots, blooms, and leaves repel pests while attracting beneficial insects. Companion plants aid in the growth of other varieties by providing shade or boosting flavor.
Companion planting helps maintain a healthy ecosystem in your garden by allowing nature to do its thing. Every ecosystem contains a diverse nature of plants, animals, and other species, ensuring that nothing goes to waste.
For companion plants, how close should you plant them? Take an average spacing between the two varieties to make it straightforward. If one type has to be separated 12 inches apart and the other needs to be spaced 6 inches apart, space them 9 inches apart. Monitor the heights to ensure adequate shading. Shorter vegetables and herbs should not be entirely shaded out.
Incompatible plants should be separated into separate gardens or planted at opposing ends of larger beds, larger than 10 by 10 ft.
If you are using pots, ensure you don’t plant incompatible plants in the same pot on your deck and make sure you keep them away from each other when planted in separate containers.
- The Carrot Family: Prefer direct seeding and long growing season. Dill, anise, carrots, caraway, celery, chervil, cilantro, cumin, fennel, parsnips, and parsley.
- The Broccoli Family: Don’t like crowding with other plants. Bok choy, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cabbages, watercress, turnips, collards, mustard, horseradish, kale, and radishes.
- The Mint Family: Made up of flowering herbs and flowers. Basil, catnip, hyssop, lavender, marjoram, white horehound, lemon balm, oregano, rosemary, savory, sage, and thyme.
- The Allium Family: Garlic, asparagus, chives, scallions, shallots, onions, and leeks.
- The Nightshade Family: Eggplants, bell peppers, potatoes, and tomatoes. Can suffer the same blight.
- The Legume Family: Many will be trellised and increase nitrogen in the soil. Beans, Snap peas, lentils, and fava beans.
- The Squash Family: Can be grown on a trellis and prefer full sun, consistent watering, and warm temperatures. Pumpkins, squash, gourds, cucumbers, and melons.
- The Beetroot Family: Grown in spring and fall and will bolt in hot weather. Swiss chard, lambsquarter, quinoa, beets, and spinach.
You will find endless benefits of companion planting, and it also helps to know the families of vegetables involved and the above planting combinations with other crops.
One last plant is the chamomile, as this attracts parasitic wasps that feed many harmful garden pests. The companion planting table is a good start, but you can learn more from experience like other gardeners.