Are you looking for a new power tool to put in your tool chest, and are unsure which you should have out of a drill vs. driver?
While the two are the same when you look at them side by side, there is plenty of difference between a standard drill and an impact drill.
While one can do the work of the other, the same can’t be said the other way around, Therefore, choosing the right one is vital to make sure you can carry out all your home improvement tasks without a hitch.
You may even find that you need both of them at home rather than merely trying to decide which one meets all your needs.
You can find out what is the difference between a drill and a driver in our guide, so you will understand all you need to know about selecting the right power tools for the job.
Difference Between Impact Driver and Drill
Here you can learn what’s the difference between the two tools.
Size: A cordless drill is nearly always slightly larger than a cordless impact driver is. While smaller, a compact driver delivers more power.
Chuck: The head of a regular power drill comes with a keyed or keyless chuck. On the contrary, an impact-drill has no chuck, but rather a collet, which accepts a hex shank. To withstand forces on offer from an impact wrench, impact drills or bits are required.
Clutch: Normal drills come with an adjustable clutch that allows you to adjust the torque as you drill or drive screws. In comparison, an impact wrench has none. The adjustable clutch prevents screws or fasteners from being over-tightened or the drilling surface from damaged.
Speed and Power: A cordless impact driver will deliver more power in short spells, thus adding higher torque. It does this automatically once the driver meets some resistance. You can find some models with three gears, yet most of them come with one. A regular drill can come with variable speed, yet it lacks power.
Action: Your cordless impact will use rotation and striking blows in the same manner as a hammer drill, yet somewhat reduced. They can deliver three times the power of your usual drill when driving screws through hard materials. Some regular drills offer reverse and hammer action, yet they still lack the force.
Ease of Use: Despite the power, using a driver is easy and comfortable. Most of the power travels away from you toward the drill bit.
In comparison, an ordinary drill will transfer power back to your wrist and hand, especially if the drill drivers face too much resistance. Compact drill drivers let you use large fasteners without strain on your arms and wrist. (Learn How To Clean Raw Wood)
If you have tons of fasteners to drive, then a driver can do all the hard work, and all you need to do is steer.
Drill Bits: You do need to consider your bits when searching for drills and impact drivers. While a drill can take both, a driver can only take the hex-shaped bits. Besides, your drill chuck will adapt to fit many sizes of bit, but the drill driver bit size all have the 1/4-inch hex fitting.
One other thing that differs is the retention method. You can interchange your bits faster in a driver than a drill. They use a quick-change clamp in the collet. Your regular drill will use a key or is keyless, and you still need to adjust it to fit the drill bit you are using.
What is an Impact Driver Used For?
When you look at the difference between a drill and a driver, you will see they make these drivers for a specific purpose, and that is to deliver power where you need it. Even though the task may differ, such as drilling holes or using tough driver bits for screws.
You will get the job done much quicker. You will find the hexagonal shanked drill bits won’t fit your usual drill as they are designed to face up to the power of the drill.
If you look at a drill versus driver in screwing, you will see the following three areas where instead of a drill, impact drivers are preferred. (Learn How To Fill Chipmunk Holes)
- Driving most screws efficiently and quickly
- Driving large screws into hard timber
- Removing a screw or bolt that would be stuck
What is a Drill Used For?
You can use these mainly for woodwork unless you move up to one of the heavier double-handed drills with a hammer action for masonry.
The chuck is adaptable to take both types of drill and impact driver bits.
Unless you have the hammer action, you find a steady spinning action from your drill. This can be suitable for the following.
- Ideal to drill holes up to specific sizes
- Screwing in screws in softwoods
- Tightening or loosening bolts
When looking for your next purchase, you may be surprised that the difference between drill and driver is vastly different, and the two don’t compete against each other for space in your toolbox.
Depending on the tasks you have at home, these two devices can complement each other.
Anyone who carries out much work at home or on-site should consider using both a regular battery-powered drill, impact driver for the hard work, and the drill for the lighter work.
Once you have a change of materials, you can find your driver suitable, as it can be if you are driving a bag full of screws during a larger construction project.
If you are tucked away in your shed or fixing the kitchen cabinets, then you are best suited to using your typical drill to complete that kind of task.
Read more Tools guides