Trees need killing sometimes, and this can be for multiple reasons. If trees are planted in improper areas, they can cause damage to driveways, structures, your home and obstruct sunlight from reaching your garden.
Other trees can be invasive and do little to enhance your garden look or experience. You can find many methods for killing trees without too much effort, yet most need you to cut down your tree first.
One of the most popular myths is that you can use copper nails for killing trees. However, as with every myth, there are two sides. Coming right from the mouth of the old ranger reveal a terrible truth about the old myth, and you can’t use copper nails to kill trees.
In our guide, you can learn more about using copper nails, as just one copper nail won’t do anything unless you have very small trees. Otherwise, you’ll need enough copper nails to do the trick. (Learn How To Kill Palm Trees)
However, sometimes copper can help you, so by the end, you’ll know what is the best way to use copper when killing trees and which is the best method you can use to kill a tree without affecting your desirable plants.
Do Copper Nails Work to Kill Trees?
If they do, or if they don’t, here you can find the steps to use copper nails to end up with dead trees.
You can use copper nails to kill trees in several ways. Purchase copper nails that are 100 percent copper and pound them into the tree.
Hammer in a copper nail at a little angle, going downward at the root of the target tree. Copper nails come in a variety of sizes, but the larger the nail surface area (length and width), the more effective the treatment. A longer nail also signifies deeper penetration, which means the tree is more likely to get infected. (Learn How To Remove A Tree Stump By Hand)
Continue hammering nails approximately a half-inch apart in a ring all the way around the tree. As a result, an increased number of development cells will be damaged, and the concentration of copper in the tree will rise.
This higher concentration is preferable because it increases the likelihood of the metal oxidizing and poisoning the tree. The belief that a single copper nail may destroy a tree is only true for tiny trees like seedlings. Larger trees can tolerate a single nail with ease and grow over it with no adverse consequences.
If required, use mud to cover the nail heads. The goal of using mud to cover copper nails is to hide them. Because of its bright hue, the copper shows up rather clearly in tree trunks.
Covering the nails hides the operation from casual observers and helps maintain a yard’s appearance as the tree ages. However, covering them with mud will not conceal the fact that the tree has been harmed.
Remove the nails before removing the unwanted tree if it dies. Otherwise, because there are so many nails, they could fly out and injure someone or damage the machinery used to remove the tree.
If this method works for some individuals, is copper then poisonous to trees? One of the easiest ways to see the effects of copper is as follows.
Hammer a large copper spike down the trunk center. A copper spike in a sawn-off tree ensures no re-growth before you try to kill tree stumps.
How to Kill a Tree with Copper Sulfate
Copper sulfate is a toxin that is commonly used to keep tree roots out of sensitive areas, like sewer pipes. However, if used correctly, it has the potential to kill a whole tree.
While applying copper sulfate to the surrounding ground may kill a tree, the sulfate is hazardous to the water supply and the ground; therefore, this method should be avoided. Instead, poison the tree more directly with copper sulfate.
Remove an inch or two of bark at the tree’s root. If the bark is too thick to peel, cut a square with a knife, forming a tab of bark.
Drill a hole in the tree’s bark at a downward angle.
In the hole, place a funnel, and fill the hole with copper sulfate until it’s almost full. The more copper sulfate you can pour in and the faster you can poison the tree, the longer and larger the hole must be.
To keep the copper sulfate from being rinsed out by rain, remove the funnel and put the bark back into place. (Read Will Diesel Kill A Tree Stump)
Over time, see the tree dying to a level you can deal with it further. Once it reaches the stage of death, you may need a tree surgeon to deal with dead upper branches.
Other Ways to Kill Trees
The following are the steps for killing a tree with salt. Although there are alternative options, this is one of the safest and most effective. Magnesium and potassium, which are required for chlorophyll production, are blocked by salt in the tree. It’s because of this why it’s so effective.
What You Need
- 3 cups of water, a container
- 6 cups of salt
- 1/2-inch drill bit and drill
A tree will eventually die if the surrounding area of soil is covered in salt. However, everything in the immediate vicinity will die. Use the following steps to avoid grass and plants being killed.
Using the drill, make six 1/2-inch holes in the tree stump. The holes must be positioned diagonally. Drilling should start around five inches from the tree’s base. Place the drill bit at a downward angle and make your hole at least three inches deep into the wood.
Fill a container with three cups of water and add six cups of salt. Stir until the salt dissolves.
To learn how to kill a tree with salt, the next step is to pour the liquid into the holes you bored. Monitor the solution and when it has gone, add more water and salt to make a new batch.
Pour the liquid into the tree stump holes and do this weekly or as the holes empty. You’ll see it working as the foliage will brown, and not far beyond, the tree stump will die.
Cut down the tree once the process has ended, or it could fall on its own.
Kill a Tree With Chemical Tree Killer
Trees can die using other methods instead of trying to kill trees with copper nails and salt. However, one of the most trusted methods is to use Tordon and what many tree-killing experts and arborists recommend.
Have chemical-resistant gloves, long sleeves, pants, and safety glasses when treating tree and roots with Tordon.
No matter what method you use, you need to deal with parts of your tree in specific ways. Here you can find information on how to deal with trees. If you use one nail, a big pile to cover the tree, or you will drill holes to kill a tree with chemicals.
- Small Branches: Cut the lowest, smallest branches first, then work your way up the tree to the upper branches. From the trunk to the apex, most trees will have only one major branch. Cut the smaller branches off each of the main branches on your tree.
- Large Branches: Starting at the top of the main branch or branches, work your way down to the trunk, cutting the tips in small portions.
- Trunk: Cut the tree trunk as low as you can without endangering yourself. If you want to remove it with your truck, leave it longer.
Treating the Stump
The freshly cut stump must be handled as soon as possible. Waiting even 30 minutes will reduce the tree killer’s chemical potency because the tree will mend itself.
Start by treating the outer ring of the trunk, just within the bark, with your chemical-resistant gloves and other safety equipment.
This layer, known as the Cambium, is where the tree transports nutrients from its roots to its branches. The tree’s darker heartwood, or inner core, does not require treatment.
Allow 3 to 7 days for the tree stump to heal after treatment. The chemicals will reach the deepest roots in this manner and eventually kill a tree stump.
Remove the Stump
Renting a tree stump grinder and grinding it down is the ideal approach to remove a tree stump.
Kill A Tree By Girdling
Girdling a tree is a strategy employed by homesteaders to enable a tree to die while still standing, allowing it to dry instead of decaying on the ground. It can then be harvested for firewood when required.
Girdling is not encouraged and may even be dangerous if you live in the city. As the roots deteriorate, a dead tree is more prone to fall and cause harm to property or a fire hazard if it hits power cables.
Girdling is a quick way to deal with invasive species, and all you need to do is cut a large section of the outer layer around the weed tree so it can’t feed itself. Even if the tree grows below the girdling mark, you can then kill stumps using your chosen method once the above dies.
Let the pine tree-sit or any other species, and it will die and dry over a few weeks to months.