How Fast Do Birds Of Paradise Grow

Crane flowers are another name for bird of paradise plants, which refers to the shape of their blooms. As its underground stem splits, the plant grows in clumps and has foliage that looks like banana leaves and grows in a fan-like way.

Plants that are mature and vigorous can produce up to 36 flower spikes per year, each lasting several weeks. The Strelizia genus contains five species that are native to southern Africa. S. reginae, S. Nicolai, and S. alba are the most common species grown in the United States.

The red C. pulcherrima, yellow C. gilliesii (reclassified as Poinciana gilliesii), and the Mexican bird of paradise, C. Mexicana, are the three most frequent species. In our guide, you can learn more about the bird of paradise plant growth rate. By the end, you’ll have more information on the paradise varieties and how the type of bird of paradise plant can make a difference to the bird of paradise growth rate around your home.

Growing Birds Of Paradise

How Many Years Does It Take For A Bird of Paradise to Bloom?

Here you can find the growth rate of several birds of paradise species.

There are main species of bird of paradise that are common:

  • Strelitzia reginae is a popular tropical backyard plant with big, orange, and blue flowers. This popular orange bird of paradise can reach 6 feet in the right conditions.
  • Strelitzia Nicolai, a 30-foot-tall huge bird of paradise, and Strelitzia juncea, similar to Strelitzia reginae but smaller, tighter leaves. A giant bird of paradise can grow up to 2 feet in a year in the right conditions. (Read When Do Birds Of Paradise Bloom)

Growing Outdoors

During the warmer months of Spring and Summer, bird of paradise plants (Strelitzia reginae) will produce new leaves. However, it will take 2 years for these plants to establish and 5 years for them to reach a height of 5-6 feet.

  • Keep the plant well-watered and planted in high-quality potting soil or improved garden soil, and it will grow to be quite huge in a few years.
  • Multiple stems will grow on these plants, separated to create new plants. Before doing this, keep in mind that it could take up to three years for the plant to recuperate from the move and begin flowering again.
  • Bird of paradise plants can grow in a too-small container for them. As a result, they’ll produce more flowers while maintaining excellent system growth.
  • This enormous bird of paradise has many stems and stands over 6 feet tall.

Indoor bird of paradise

Growing Bird of Paradise Indoors

Indoors, bird of paradise plants will develop more slowly than in the ideal location outdoors. Indoor bird of paradise plants grow about 1 foot per year, but the primary goal is to stimulate leaf and bloom growth.

Indoors, a tight, bushy plant looks fantastic. To keep the shape tight, extra paradise leaves can be removed. Insufficient light is one thing that makes these plants grow slow.

How Bird of Paradise Plants Grow Faster

You can do a few simple things to help your bird of paradise plant grow quicker and flower more profusely. The bird of paradise plant is easier to grow than many tropical plants. It typically flowers in the late winter or early spring.

Here are some simple suggestions to help you grow.

Liquid Fertilizer

A light application of liquid fertilizer can provide an extra boost of nitrogen to your plant, encouraging it to produce more leaves.

Remove Dead Leaves and Flowers

By removing dead or dying leaves, more light will reach the healthy leaf stems. Trim any brown or diseased leaves down to the healthy stem connection. (Learn How To Grow Cucumbers Vertically)

Mulch Plants and Pots

Mulch is the most effective approach to keep the plant’s roots moist and healthy. While it’s crucial to avoid over-watering birds of paradise because the roots can rot, mulch can help keep the soil moist.

The bark mulch will slowly release excess water into the soil, allowing the plant to thrive.

Use The Right Pots

A large bird of paradise plant can grow up to 6 feet tall for the variety with orange flowers. However, you can find a single seed could split into four central plants, and a small pot makes it harder to transport.

Pots of around 16 inches diameter are suitable for paradise seeds that can grow into large plants.

When transferring and planting a very large plant in a container, make sure it is on a firm foundation and out of the way of dogs and children.

Plant young plants in good potting soil, water frequently, and fertilize with liquid nitrogen fertilizer in the late spring or early summer. A full daylight location is preferred for outdoor plants, and for indoor plants, a sunny window would suffice.

Propagating Birds Of Paradise

Bird of Paradise Care

Strelitzia SPP are lovely plants you can cultivate inside, yet their major disadvantage is their size, reaching 5 to 6 feet tall.

Before they flower, the large bird of paradise plants must mature for 3 to 5 years. In warm climates, most bird of paradise plants thrives best in grouped plantings or where their blossoms soar above the foliage for a stunning display.

Bright light from direct sun, water regularly, and warmth are keys to effective indoor growth of large bird of paradise plants.

In the early spring, before new growth begins, feed the plant with compost, and fertilize once a week during the growing season.

Here are a few more things about caring for your bird of paradise plant and how they can help your white bird of paradise growth rate indoors.


This plant needs bright light to blossom successfully, including some direct sunshine.


Maintain constant moisture in the soil throughout the year. While it should not be waterlogged, you will need to water your paradise flower daily come spring and summer as its large leaves lose moisture.

Water it until you see the water draining from the drainage holes, and don’t let it sit in a pool of water. The plant produces crunchy brown leaves when over-watered, and the leaves furthest from the center turn yellow when under-watered.


A giant white bird of paradise plant is a heavy feeder. Come to the springtime feed with slow-release pellets or weekly during the growing season using liquid fertilizer.


Remove damaged plant material to help thin leaves. If your plant has grown too big, use loppers, hand pruners, or a pruning saw in the early spring.

Propagation of Bird of Paradise

Growing from seed is more complicated and time-consuming. It’s better to use mature plants that have bloomed at least three years earlier. This is how Strelitzia is divided.

Propagation by division:

  • For in-ground or huge plants, larger instruments such as a shovel and saw are required, depending on the size of the plant.
  • A sharp knife can be used to cut tiny plants, and you’ll need a new container and a well-draining potting mix if you’re potting the division.
  • A shovel, saw, or knife can also be used to split the rhizome under the ground. You can do this by removing new growth from the base of the plant if it has at least three leaves.
  • Repot in a fresh container with a potting mix that drains well.

Grow Strelitzia From Seed

When you grow a bird of paradise from seed, be patient. The seeds can take up to two months to germinate.

  1. Before planting, soak seeds in room-temperature water for 24 to 48 hours.
  2. With a knife or a nail file, nick the seed coat.
  3. Plant the seed 1/2 to 1 inch deep in a well-draining potting mix, at least 3 inches apart from other seeds.
  4. Place the container in a warm, shady area away from direct sunlight (at least 80 degrees Fahrenheit).
  5. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged by covering it with a cloche or plastic wrap.
  6. Transplant the seedling to a 6-inch container once it has germinated and produced two to three leaves.
  7. Your plant will be ready for a more permanent home after it reaches a height of 6 inches.

Right Pots for Bird of Paradise

Potting Bird of Paradise

It doesn’t matter if you are after a species from John Winter, keen on white flowers, or like the exotic blue tongue commonly grown. They can all grow large and take up vast amounts of room.

  • Bird of paradise is a fast-growing plant that blooms once it reaches a particular size. For example, in a 10-inch planter, a 3 to a 4-foot tall bird of paradise grows well.
  • In a 14-inch pot, a 5- to 6-foot plant thrives typically. Every spring, repot it into a larger pot.


If the temperature in your area drops below freezing in the winter months, you risk killing this plant unless you bring it indoors. However, it is possible to overwinter your plant outdoors if you live where temperatures only drop below freezing for short periods, such as USDA zone 9.

  1. Cut the stem and leaves to only 12 inches above the ground to overwinter outside.
  2. Mulch the stem and rhizome region completely, then cover with leaf litter and straw.
  3. Stake it down and cover it with breathable row cover material.
  4. Remove the toppings as soon as spring arrives, and the threat of the last frost has passed.

If you want bird of paradise flowers, most often you need to live in USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11, but cooler regions can use containers outdoors and move them inside when it gets cold.

Strelitzia bird of paradise blooms most in full sun, but plants grown outdoors in desert climates have to be planted in partial shade. (Learn How Long Do Poppies Take To Grow From Seed)

Common Pests and Plant Diseases

Monitor plants for aphids, scale, and whiteflies and use insecticidal soap for control. Botrytis cinerea, a type of gray mold, can also attack Bird of Paradise. This is when flowers and leaves become dark and have a layer of mold. Remove the affected parts and let them air.

Wilting or Browning

Root rot is the most common disease affecting Strelitzia. When roots sit in water or the soil gets soggy for extended periods, the fungus takes over and causes root rot. Avoid this by drying soil between waterings.

  1. To fix root rot, pull up the root ball.
  2. Cut away blackened, moldy parts of the rhizome
  3. Apply a fungicide according to the instructions
  4. Repot in a sterilized container using new well-draining soil.

Curling Leaves

Curling leaves are a sign of under-watering. A thorough watering until you see it run from the drainage holes can fix this. Make sure it doesn’t sit in soggy soil.

Yellowing Leaves

Yellowing leaves can mean the plant is a mature plant, or it could be the plant doesn’t have enough humidity, or needs additional nutrients. If the yellowed leaves are outside of the plant, it’s not getting enough water. (Learn How To Stop Weeds From Growing In Gravel)

Slits or Breaks in the Leaves

This plant’s leaves are large, and if the Strelitzia develops slits or breaks when outside, it is normal. The plant has these slits to allow the plant air circulation around leaves and roots.

How Fast Do Birds Of Paradise Grow

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