Not only is it extremely simple to grow pineapples. Pineapple plants can be grown in almost any place on the planet. Pineapples don’t require a lot of water. They don’t lose much water to evaporation since their leaves are tough. Pineapples don’t need a lot of soil, but they do need good soil. They belong to the bromeliad family and, like all bromeliads, have a small root system.
Pineapples prefer somewhat acidic soils, which are found in most gardens. Pineapples thrive in direct sunlight, even in the hottest climes, but thrive in dappled shade. Pineapples thrive in pots or tubs and are one of the few tropical fruits that can be grown successfully in containers, allowing you to cultivate pineapple plants indoors.
However, cultivating nice pineapple fruit helps to live somewhere warm around the year. While, as a general rule, pineapples are easy to grow, you need to know how long for pineapples to grow at home.
In our guide, you can learn more about how long pineapples grow from the original plant and how you need to care for them. By the end, you’ll have all the care tips you need and how much time you need once you see how long it takes for a pineapple to grow. (Learn How Long Do Cucumbers Last At Room Temp)
Planting Pineapples At Home
Most people would start with the top of a store-bought pineapple, which can be used in various ways.
While many people start with a glass of water, you don’t have to. It’s preferable to let pineapple tips cure or dry for a day or two before planting.
If you’re going to use tops, make sure you get rid of all the fruit meat. The remaining stem must be naked, dry, and clean.
The stem of store-bought pineapples may already be rotting. If you can, cut it out; if not, use another top.
You should remove all the little bottom leaves and the suckers, so pull the bottom leaves off if little or there are dead leaves at the bottom.
Make a small hole in the ground or a pot for your pineapple and place it there.
Push the soil back in and firm it around the base of the pineapple so it sits upright and doesn’t tumble over. If the soil is dry, water it.
How Much Space Do Pineapples Need?
Although the roots require little space, a single pineapple plant itself can grow to be quite large.
Pineapple leaves are extremely spiky, so give them more room somewhere where they can spread with new growth without becoming a problem.
Plant your pineapple tops in clumps or as a border along the path or road if you have the space.
When you grow pineapple, expect the healthy plants to measure around 3-4 feet across and between five to seven feet high.
How Much Water Do Pineapples Need?
If you live in a location where water is scarce, provide what you can. Pineapples require relatively little water to develop, so make sure your soil is well-mulched to prevent evaporation and try planting pineapples in the shade.
The closer your location is to a tropical or subtropical climate, the more shade your pineapples can tolerate. If you live in a climate where you must grow pineapples indoors during the winter, they will want as much sun as possible throughout the summer. (Learn How Long Does Milorganite Take To Work On A Lawn)
Do Pineapples Need Fertilizer?
Pineapples get most of their nutrients from their leaves and rely solely on them for the first few months after planting. Because of this, any feeding needs to land on the leaves.
Artificial and concentrated fertilizers can cause your pineapple to burn, so avoid them. Also, as pineapples grow, it is best to avoid them as they cause more harm than good.
Liquid fertilizers can be used, such as fish emulsion or seaweed extract. Ensure you use a diluted solution and apply it to the pineapple plant and surrounding soil using a watering can.
If you use pelleted chicken manure, sprinkle it on the soil around the pineapple base, and some fall onto the bottom leaves of the growing pineapples.
Before planting the pineapple, mix compost into the soil and mulch heavily around it.
When Do Pineapples Fruit?
How long does pineapple take to grow is the critical question?
It depends on the kind, the climate in which you live, how well you care for them, and whether you plant pineapple tips, suckers, or pups.
Growing pineapples from the tops of store-bought pineapples seem to take ages as it takes the tops ar0und 2 years to fruit, or even longer if you live in a colder climates than the ones in South America the plants are used to.
Suckers take roughly 18 months to mature, whereas slips can produce fruit in as little as a year.
When a pineapple reaches a specific size, it will usually flower, therefore the better your care, the sooner it will flower. However, it will take longer to produce pineapples outside their ideal tropical environment.
The fruit of a pineapple must mature for another six months after it has flowered. Growing pineapples for fruit is an investment that will pay off in the long run.
When the fruit turns yellow, it is ready to pick. Cut it immediately and leave it in the kitchen for a few days if you have garden pests or if the fruit appears to be burning.
Otherwise, wait until fully ripe and yellow on the plant. Then, cut it in half, eat it, and plant the top half for an additional pineapple to grow.
It becomes easier and faster after you have a few pineapples growing. A mature pineapple plant produces many suckers and slips and fruit quickly.
It has sword-like leaves protruding from the central stem, and eventually, the central stem will produce hundreds of flowers.
How to Grow a Pineapple From the Grocery Store
Pineapples grow from the pineapple top you get from the store relatively quickly. With the suitable soil in a pot, you can quickly grow a new plant from the spiky top in a south-facing window, so they get full sun. (Learn How Long Can Wasps Live Without Food)
A couple of types of fruit you’ll find are:
- Abacaxi: One of the nicest varieties of pineapple, abacaxi produces a light, whitish flesh. However, they don’t transport well; thus, you may not find them in the supermarkets, yet they are ideal for growing the fruits at home. All you need is your first fruit to get started.
- Smooth Cayenne: Smooth Cayenne is known for its sweet fruit and the one you’ll likely find for sale.
No matter which variety of pineapple you are growing, you’ll find the tropical fruit plant will die if they face freezing temperatures. Thus, if you live in a cold climate, you will need to keep them indoors as part of your pineapple plant care through the winter.
How to grow a pineapple from the store:
Here are the basic instructions for growing pineapple fruit from a store-bought pineapple. It may take some time to bear fruit, but there’s no need to give up once you’ve started.
Aside from that, you’ll get all the lovely pineapple flowers as it develops to adorn your home.
- Remove a couple of the pineapple’s bottom leaves to reveal the stem. You should detect root buds on the bottom of the stem, which is little brownish bumps.
- New roots should sprout from there in the next few weeks!
- Allow your pineapple stem to dry for a few days to produce a callus. This eliminates the risk of rotting and fungal infestation.
- In a small glass of water, place the stem. Place the glass in a location in your home that receives bright, indirect sunlight and replace the water every 1–2 days. (Alternatively, you can plant directly into your potting soil and skip this step.)
- New roots will typically develop over the next few weeks.
- Place the pineapple top into a container filled with high-quality potting soil when you notice 1 to 2 inches of small roots developing from the bottom of the stem.
- Bury your new plant up to but not touching the plant’s leaves.
- Water the soil and place your pineapple in direct sunlight in a warm area of your home. Pineapples don’t like wet soil, so wait until it’s completely dry before watering them.
- Then all you have to do is take care of your plant using the maintenance guidelines below and wait for the fruit to turn yellow as harvest time approaches.
Caring for the plant.
Once your plant is in place, here’s how to care for it.
The type of soil you use directly impacts the health and success of your pineapple plant as it grows.
They require well-drained soil, such as sandy loam, because the sand allows for rapid water circulation, as they dislike damp soil.
It’s also crucial to select soil with plenty of organic materials. The plant gets nutrients from the organic debris, and efficient drainage keeps the roots from decay.
Look for potting soil that has compost or peat moss in it.
Pineapple plants need to be watered regularly; however, the amount of water they require depends on where they are cultivated.
The amount of water a pineapple plant requires fluctuates wildly depending on the climate.
Pineapples can flourish in dry conditions; therefore, using less water is preferable to using too much as they hate soggy soil.
So, how often should your pineapple plant be watered? It’s enough to water the soil once a week and spritz the leaves now and then to maintain correct humidity levels.
Before giving your plant another drink of water, it’s good to let the soil dry up.
Pineapple plants require a lot of direct sunlight and warmth because they are native to tropical settings. However, pineapple plants adore the sun. When fully grown, they can tolerate full sun and can be grown outside in tropical climes.
Make sure your container gets at least six hours of direct sun each day if you’re growing indoors.
They thrive in warm, humid environments like tropical climates. Temperatures between 68°F and 86°F are ideal for pineapple plant growth. If your pineapple is exposed to freezing conditions, it will perish. (Learn How Big Do Succulents Get)
It’s wonderful to watch a smaller fruit appear among the tough leaves of your main plant. But unfortunately, getting to that position takes some time.
Planting and harvesting pineapples can take anywhere from 18 to 24 months.
You’ll know it’s time to pick when you see a completely developed pineapple on the plant. It will change color from green to yellow.
You have a couple of alternatives for harvesting. To remove the pineapple from the plant, twist it off the stem or carefully slice it off with a sharp knife.
Each plant produces only one fruit before dying. However, they frequently create little ‘pups’ surrounding the parent plant, and one of these will frequently grow up to replace the dying plant.
Common Pineapple Plant Problems
The following are common when growing a pineapple plant at home.
Brown Leaves: The plant may emit signs that show a variety of issues and may need troubleshooting. One example is brown leaf tips, or the entire leaves turn brown.
Overwatering, underwatering, or pests can all contribute to this. Brown leaves can be fixed by properly watering the plant, adding more soil around the base of the plant, and removing the infested leaves.
Root rot: It’s easy to go overboard with your pineapple plant’s water, resulting in root rot. Rot is the most common cause of death; therefore, make sure the plant is in a well-draining medium and not water it until the soil is almost completely dry.
Pests and bugs: A pest attack on pineapple plants happens occasionally. Pests, particularly soft-bodied pests like mealybugs and scales, are a significant concern with pineapple plants. Spray pineapples with a mixture of 1 tbsp biodegradable soap per quart of water and move them away from other plants. Neem oil could also be used in this situation.
Base (butt) rot: Base rot is a fungal disease that usually appears around the time of planting. To avoid it, remove all yellow fruit flesh from the top of the pineapple before planting.