Aloe Vera is among the most beneficial succulents any gardener can grow. While they may appear nothing more than a sort of cactus, there are many reasons to grow this as much as you possibly can.
Rather than grow from seed, many gardeners wish to know whether they can propagate from cuttings. Aloe Vera propagation is straightforward, yet you wouldn’t do it conventionally.
In our guide, you can learn how to propagate Aloe Vera the right way, so you can get the best from your succulent in looks and reap the health benefits from the plant. (Learn How to Care For Aloe Plant)
Can You Grow Aloe Vera from a Cutting?
Can you grow aloe plant from leaf cuttings? is a common question. The answer has two parts since you can grow Aloe plants from a cutting, yet it isn’t the best method.
Using aloe offsets or pups is the better method as you can start to grow plants almost instantly, so you will find this the most common form of aloe plant propagation.
Aloe vera is a succulent and belongs to the cactus family, and cacti cuttings are straightforward to propagate. What makes aloe different is the high moisture content, which means they don’t create viable plants.
Rooting aloe vera plant leaves appear to be a good idea of how to propogate aloe, yet you’ll end up with a rotting or dried up leaf.
Can Aloe Vera be Propagated in Water?
You can propagate your aloe vera houseplant in several ways and be from suckers (pups), germinated seeds, or leaf cuttings.
The most effective approach is to propagate pups from the mother plant. If you try and cultivate aloe vera by submerging cuttings in water, there stands a chance it will rot before it grows roots. In potting soil, your chances of a cutting starting to root aren’t any higher.
Growing from seed takes a long time and effort, as the succulent will grow slow. You will also discover they need eight to ten hours of sunlight per day for germination alone.
Another thing to note is Aloe vera crosses-pollinates with species of aloe plants, so seeds from a backyard plant may not offer any success.
It is easy to propagate aloe vera from the pups from a healthy mother plant, thus the preferred method. (Learn How to Propagate Spider Plant)
Can You Replant a Broken Aloe Leaf?
A cutting isn’t the best way to propagate aloe vera, although if you happen to have a broken plant leaf, propagating aloe vera this way can save what would otherwise be lost.
Here are the steps to follow to make sure you don’t waste your broken leaf from your parent plant.
- Dry the wet edge of the broken aloe leaf until a thin skin layer forms over the damp sap. A few hours of drying can be enough for this, although you can leave the leaf to dry for up to three days.
- Cactus soil or a sandy loam mixture should fill your pot. One-third of the way into the dirt, place the broken leaf and put the damaged side down.
- Add enough water to keep the soil moist. It needs to be most rather than wet for the first month when planting an aloe leaf this way. You may see the leaf grow roots and shrinks or shrivels.
- Aloe vera plants don’t like a lot of water. If they sit in lots of wet soil, they rot. Water once per month after the plant grows roots and place the pot in direct sunlight.
- If the evenings go cold, move the pot and your aloe plants away from the window if the temperature drops.
How Long Does it Take to Propagate Aloe Vera?
Once you see how to propagate aloe vera, you’ll see it can take several days to a couple of weeks. It builds a film over any cut part to stop it from getting infected by the soil during this time.
Use a succulent potting mix since it has better drainage and water retention properties than a regular potting mix. It has been formulated for succulent plants such as aloe vera.
What You Need
- Sharp knife to cut pups
- Well-draining potting mix and coarse sand
- Suitable gardening pots
Separating Pups from Mother Plant
When you have a healthy mature plant, it grows what are called pups around the base. The pups grow so large the plant will outgrow its pot.
Once you see the pups have a few sets of leaves, you can propagate your aloe vera plant.
- Take the plant with all the roots from the pot, and to do this, tilt the pot while holding the main plant at the base as you are carefully lifting it out.
- If you can’t remove the plant easily because the root system fills the pot, take a blunt knife and run the blade around the soil and sides of the pot to loosen the roots. The aim is to lift the entire plant with roots and the pups with roots intact.
- Separate the pups from the mother plant. All the pups should have their own roots, although some might not.
- Find spots where pups are attached to the mother plant, then cut the pups off using your sharp knife and don’t damage the roots. If the pup’s roots are tangled with those of the mother plant, gently ease them apart.
- Inspect roots and leaves, then cut any brown roots or dried leaves using a sharp knife.
If you use a cutting, you’ll let these heal over. However, with aloes offshoots, you don’t need to do this and then repot them directly.
Place your pups on cardboard or newspaper in a dark, cool, to dry place for 24 hours.
Please wait until the spot they were separated from the mother plant develops a protective skin.
Repotting Your Pups
- Pups need pots around four inches in diameter with good drainage holes. Fill your pots with succulent potting mix.
- Use your index finger and make a hole in the center of the soil for the pup and its root system (you can dip in rooting hormone if you wish).
- Place the pup in the hole, so the plant’s base is above the soil line. Add potting soil to fill the pot.
- Gently push the soil to compact it to about half an inch below the rim.
New plants with roots need deep watering for the first few days, though only water when the soil has dried. (Read Guide to Propagating Rosemary)
You will see new growth, yet it can take several weeks to a couple of months, and you’ll see propagating aloe is a success.
Keep plants away from strong direct sun until established.