When growing succulents, you need to use calloused succulent leaves to avoid rotting as you plant them. It may sound overly complicated, yet once you see how to do it, it is easy for any succulent types you wish to grow new succulents from.
You might ask the same question if you’re propagating succulents from leaves. How to tell if succulent leaf is calloused? Succulents have the advantage of being simple to reproduce and care for. Both stems and leaves can propagate. However, we will only discuss leaf propagation in this session.
Naturally, the first step is choosing a leaf you wish to propagate and begin the process. Then, before placing it in its permanent pot, allow the leaf to become calloused.
But how to tell if succulent leaf is calloused? When the bottom of the leaf where the cut was made becomes lovely and dry instead of wet, you’ll know it’s already calloused. It will also appear to be sealed.
The leaf should be kept out of direct sunlight during this operation. It will do its job for a few days if you place it on top of a paper towel. (Find the Best Natural Fungicide For Succulents)
In our guide, you can learn more about how to grow succulents from a mother leaf. However, you will find by the end, there is nothing more than offering enough sunlight, using a rooting hormone, and a bit more to grow baby succulents or how-to callus calloused succulent leaves.
How Do I Know If My Succulent Stem Is Calloused?
Don’t wait until these develop calluses if you are propagating plants with thin stems. Such cuttings dry quickly and wilt when exposed to the air. Wilting and drying show these cuttings are under severe stress.
If you want to propagate succulents through the use of cuttings, you may wonder, do you need callused leaves? You’ll find two schools here that debate propagating through the use of cuttings.
One group believes you don’t need to wait for cuttings to callus, and they prefer planting the cuttings directly into a pot. The other group prefers callused cuttings.
When are succulents calloused?
When cell tissues form in plant sections that have been damaged or cut, the succulent becomes calloused. The cells in callus tissues can help a plant generate new roots, stems, and leaves in addition to protecting the wounded areas.
You don’t have to wait for plant cuttings to callus before planting them in the ground. There are some plants, like as succulents, that benefit from calluses.
Cuttings from plants with thick or woody stems, such as succulents, do not lose moisture quickly. Therefore, succulent cuttings can be preserved over long periods without drying out instead of soft-stemmed plant cuttings.
It’s critical to wait until calluses have grown before planting succulent cuttings. Planting succulent cuttings without calluses will almost certainly result in rot.
Plants that aren’t regarded as true succulents are referred to as semi-succulents. You can either wait for these plants to develop calluses or put their cuttings right into the soil.
The time it takes for a cutting to produce a callus depends on the plant being propagated. Consider the stem’s thickness in particular. The thicker the stem, the longer it takes to form a callus. (Read Do Succulents Like Humidity)
Sansevierias and crassula have stout stems, and it takes a few days for these plants’ cuttings to be ready for planting. It’s not uncommon for these plants’ cuttings to develop calluses overnight.
Thick stems of cacti and euphorbias require a few weeks or months before they callus. Even if the cuttings grow calluses, they stand a chance of failing to produce roots.
It is preferable to take spring or summer cuttings to overcome this issue and ensure you take your cuttings from a secondary stem.
Succulents like euphorbias emit latex or white sap when cut, which is an irritant and toxic. Dip or spray the cutting in cold water to stop the white sap from seeping. Alternatively, expose the wound to an open flame to cauterize it.
How to callus succulents
Callusing is a straightforward process that requires a minimal amount of tools and resources. Just remember there is no water or moisture required for taking cuttings for more succulents.
Trim these with a clean cut from a sharp knife if you notice rotten parts.
Use a Paper Towel:
Place your clippings on a clean, dry paper towel. Place the paper towel and the cuttings in a dry, shady location. Never place your cuttings in a direct sunlight area.
Turn your cuttings over from time to time if they’re lengthy. This helps stop the formation of roots from the sides.
You can now put the cuttings into pots once you’ve seen that calluses have formed on them. But, again, make careful to select soil that drains effectively.
Your cuttings should not be watered. Instead, wait until your cuttings produce new roots by removing the cuttings from their pots to check for root growth. You may need to wait from a few days to several weeks based on the type of succulent you’re propagating.
You can now start watering your new plants whenever you notice roots have grown. Before watering again, wait until the soil is totally dry. Your succulents may decay if you keep the pot too moist with excess water.
- A thicker cut takes longer to callus. Consider using leaves instead of stems for faster callus growth.
- Leaves callus sooner than stems because of lesser cuts.
- Planting succulent cuttings into the soil without calluses is doable.
- But your cuts should be thin. Also, use a completely dry potting mix. This is because the calluses form beneath the potting mix.
- Water your succulent cuttings moderately from time to time. During this time, your new plants will need less water.
- For thick-stemmed succulents, you must wait for calluses to grow. This can take weeks or months.
- Leaving callused cuts on their sides is usually ok. Plant them as soon as the calluses form.
- However, thick-stemmed cuttings should be placed upright rather than on their sides.
- You can either put your clippings against a wall or tie them up with a cord. While waiting for the callus to emerge, some succulent growers hold their cuttings upright in glass containers.
- Keeping cuttings upright prevents their tips from developing upward. When the tips grow upward, the stem bends.
Caring for Cuttings
- Succulents need shade while young. So place your new succulent containers somewhere with indirect light and good airflow.
- Indirect sunlight promotes root growth.
- You can keep pests away with airflow.
- Young succulents and baby cactus require more water than mature succulents. Therefore, keep the soil in their pots moist. Succulents developed from cuttings should be watered twice a week.
- Once the cuttings’ roots emerge and establish, they can be watered deeply but seldom. So instead, water your cuttings two to four times a week for a few weeks, then let the soil dry completely between waterings.
- Succulent adult plants can use fertilizer. However, fertilizer on succulents grown from cuttings can harm the new plant. Fertilizers burn young cacti and succulent plant roots. Wait till your cuttings mature.
How long does it take for a succulent leaf to callus?
The method of replicating plants, in this example succulents, using leaves or stems is known as propagation. You begin with the components of the succulents and work your way up to a full succulent garden. (Read About Tall Succulents Types)
Let’s focus on the propagation process using leaves. Below are the simple steps you can follow to achieve successful succulent leaf propagation.
The first step is preparing the tools you’ll need throughout the succulent propagation process.
All it takes is the following:
- Fast-draining Succulent or cactus soil
- Fine Spray Bottle
- Healthy mature succulent
Remove the best leaf off the mother plant by twisting it back and forth between your fingers once you’ve discovered it. Then, to prevent sap from seeping from the mother plant and your cut end, spray the stem end and leaf with cold water.
Depending on the environment and the species of succulents you’re propagating, it takes 4-5 weeks for the leaf to form roots or pups.
If it’s already dry, give it a mist. However, do not saturate it. Too much water will cause the leaf and growing roots to decay.
It is preferable to have drier soil.
Also, avoid moving the leaf. It may have those tiny budding roots and disrupting them will cause the entire process to be slowed down.
It is preferable to a warm environment since the succulent leaf can propagate considerably more quickly in warm locations.
The initial step is to transplant the succulent puppies once the original leaf has shivered and rotted away, indicating that the succulent pups are ready to be transplanted once they develop roots.
You can now move the puppy into a new pot with quick-draining dirt.