You may think the name of the flower, Jack in the Pulpit a bit strange; however, it can appear stranger the more you look. Either way, it is a fantastic option for any shaded garden woodland area.
The full name of Jack in the Pulpit, Arisaema triphyllum species goes along with the other ‘the Indian turnip.’
It is a common native perennial plant found across the eastern part of North America. The area covered can reach from Texas to the Canadian Maritimes.
If you have such areas in your garden, you can find a few helpful tips for planting Jack in the Pulpits.
By the end of the article, you will see what a great addition the species of Arisaema triphyllum, or planting Jack in the Pulpit in the fall can be to your garden come spring. (Read What Zone Am I In For Gardening)
Are Jack in the Pulpits Rare?
The Jack in the Pulpit plants are not rare; they are native plants. However, you may not see them very often in gardens; the plants typically grow in woodland areas where there is lots of shade and don’t offer the brightest flowers as a result.
You can identify them as they have one or two glossy green leaves, which divide into three leaflets. Although, you may spot the spathe before you are close enough to see the spadix and the small flowers.
These rise on their stems from 1 – 3 feet in height. The main flower is a cylindrical spathe hood covering the spadix, and toward late summer Jack in the Pulpit berries emerges and is a bright red.
You will spot the green and maroon striped spathe that encompasses a fleshy colored maroon spadix, which contains the small flowers.
You can discover deer eat the roots and other wild birds are fond of the red berries. (Read Natural Deer Repellent Essential Oils)
Can You Grow Jack in the Pulpit Indoors?
You can sow Jack in the Pulpit seeds directly outdoors, or you can start them indoors.
- You will need to harvest berry clusters once they turn red in late summer. Each berry usually contains 4 to 6 seeds. Gently squeeze the berries to remove the seeds.
- If you wish to start them indoors, you need to stratify them for 60 to 75 days from the fall. You can stratify them by placing them in moist sphagnum peat moss or sand. You then keep them in a refrigerator from 2 to 2½ months.
- To do this, you can use one seal-able Ziploc bag or a small food storage container.
- Once stratified, remove the seeds and plant the seeds 1/2-inch deep in commercial potting mix. At the start of spring, you can then transplant your flower seedlings outdoors.
Does Jack in the Pulpit Spread?
Pulpit plants love moist, rich soil found in deciduous woodlands and floodplains. It can grow for upward of 25 years, and over time it can spread from the acidic corm without any care.
It is worth noting the fruits can irritate the skin, so you need to make sure to wear gloves if collecting seed from the berries.
How Do You Plant Jack in the Pulpit Corms?
Jack-in-the-pulpit plants like the shade. They also require a decent water supply, along with adequate nutrients.
After you have these, you may find the plant can be straightforward to grow if you have a garden forest or a shaded corner.
To plant, you first make a 6-inch hole. Do this in the fall and then place in the root corm.
When the spring arrives, and you see the plants breaking through, you can cover them with around 2 to 3 inches of mulch. Doing this helps retain moisture in the soil.
Because these plants love the shady conditions, you may find they attract slugs who like to eat these plant leaves. You will need to carry out some slug control if the slug gets too close to the middle of the plant and damages the spadix.
Suppose you have any other native plant in the form of the Hostas species of plant. You may search to find slug control methods work for both plants, which both love shade areas of your garden. (Read Best Outdoor Gardening Bench)
Here are a few growing tips you may like to remember.
- Light: Some shade is necessary. If you don’t have partial shade, the plant loves growing in deep shade.
- Soil: These wildflowers are not fussy with good drainage and even with boggy soils. Suppose you can replicate the native habitat for their growing, which will be damp and acidic, which has loads of organic matter.
- Water: Evenly moist soil
- Fertilizer: In most instances, fertilizing with compost should be enough when growing. If you need additional, you need a fertilizer with ammonium-N should the soil not be acidic enough.