Mother Of Thousands Varieties

Succulents, with their thick meaty leaves and stalks, are a favorite of many gardeners, and there is none more popular than Mother of thousands varieties. When properly cared for and given the sunlight, water, soil mix, and other factors, the baby plants produce stunning colors.

Leaf cuttings and stem cuttings are also effortless ways to propagate them to reproduce these for more additions or to give away as gifts. Succulents are drought tolerant, but that doesn’t mean they can live without water, it’s just they use less water than regular plants.

Beginners in the realm of succulents might begin with some simple hardy succulent plants that don’t require nearly as much care as other succulent varieties. Mother of Thousands, a succulent, is one of the best instances of this. It can generate thousands of little plantlets, as the name suggests.

The succulent mother of thousands plant doesn’t bloom too much and is more renowned for the small plantlets around the edges of the leaves. (Learn How To Plant Succulents In Glass Containers)

Strain of Mother of thousands varieties

It is this unique trait that distinguishes them from other members of the same genus Kalanchoe that have the same name.

In our guide, you can learn more about this unique plant and how to give it proper care. By the end, you’ll have enough information to grow beautiful plants from plant propagation or naturally.

No matter if you have a strain of Mother of thousands varieties, or see the mother of millions flower around your home.

Mexican Hat Plant Care Basics

This is a succulent plant native to Madagascar that develops many small plantlets along the margins of the leaves, as the name suggests. The genus Bryophyllum is a member of the Crassulaceae family.

They were originally compared to the kalanchoe family. Bryophyllum Daigremontianum is the scientific name for this plant. Chandelier Plant, Alligator Plant, Devil’s Backbone, Kalanchoe Mother-In-Law-Plant, Mother of Millions, and Mother of Thousands are common names for these plants, which were previously known as Bryophyllum tubiflorum, kalanchoe tubiflora.
When cultivated outside, they can produce thousands of plants from a single leaf.

The green foliage of these plants is more well-known than the flowers they produce. They have long, narrow leaves that reach a length of 20 cm and a width of 3 to 4 inches and are covered in tiny plantlets around their edges.

The focus here is the Mother of Thousands plant’s growing requirements.


  • Succulents demand well-drained succulent or cactus mix soil. Perlite, sand, and gravel should be present in the soil.
  • The soil should dry fast and not keep moisture, therefore avoid planting in regular garden soil.
  • Being drought-tolerant, they can go a few days without water.


  • These plants love the direct sun, yet avoid bright afternoon suns to avoid sunburn.
  • If they are potted and indoors, keep them near a window with plenty of bright light.
  • Keep them near an east or west window for maximum direct sunlight as north and south-facing windows are dark. With sufficient direct sun or partial shade, the leaves turn a bright green color and a crimson border.


  • Mother of Thousands plants, like all succulents, are water sensitive. Drought resistance doesn’t mean they don’t need watering.
  • They need regular watering and a few dry days, so you are better at fully watering your plants and letting them drain.
  • The soil should be fully dry before the next watering cycle.
  • Plants should be watered less in the winter as they go dormant to save energy and reduce water usage.


  • These plants do well in hot weather. The usual temperatures for good growth are between 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • They don’t do well in cold climatic conditions When grown indoors keep them in direct heat as cold can harm the plant.


Mother of thousands offers rapid growth if left unchecked. They can grow up to three feet tall with a long flower stalk and many offshoots from the bottom. As the leaves fall, new plants emerge. (Read Do Succulents Need Drain Holes)

  • Don’t worry about damaging the plants by pruning because they recover quickly and develop bigger foliage.
  • Pruning is done by pinching off the top of the plant at the desired height.
  • Dead leaves can be broken off to beautify your plant, and these should be discarded, as they won’t have any small plantlets growing.

How to Propagate Mother Of Thousands Varieties

These plants are easily propagated from the plantlets on the mother plant’s leaf.

  • Pull off the plantlets and place them 2-inches apart in well-draining soils.
  • Keep them in full sun, water regularly to keep the soil moist to avoid drying.
  • Once growing, you can remove the plantlets from the small pot and place them in a bigger pot once they are around 2 inches.
  • In the garden, plantlets fall off naturally from the mother plant. Once there are roots growing, these plantlets grow where they fall.
  • It is also possible to grow from stem cuttings, or you can break off the stem and insert it into your potting mix or well-draining soil.

Repotting Mother Of Thousands Varieties


When the Mexican Hat plants appear to be root bound and the roots grow out of the drainage holes, they need to be repotted.

  1. Once pot-bound, Mother of Thousands grows slower, and they should be repotted in the spring.
  2. Remove the plant from its pot by carefully watering to soften the soil and lifting it from the base of the stem.
  3. Half fill a larger pot with cactus or succulent mix. Add the plant, and fill with the rest of the well-drained potting mix to one inch from the rim.
  4. Water the plant well after potting until you see the water from the drainage hole. You can support the plant until its roots take hold.
  5. Place it in a bright area and water once the soil dries out.


These plants rarely require any fertilizer. If you feed your plant fertilizer, at the most feed them a tiny amount once per month and as a much-diluted form.


Like other plants, these can be infested with mealybugs and aphids. To fix this, spray the plant with a diluted solution of alcohol or wipe leaves with rubbing alcohol.

Is Mother of Thousands Varieties Plant Poisonous?

While there are several Mother of Thousands health benefits, the plant is toxic.

  • The leaves and stems of plants carry a poison that is dangerous to both humans and animals.
  • If you keep your plants outside, make sure they are out of reach of animals. Mild to severe toxicity levels is common. Ingestion can produce nausea, vomiting, and heart palpitations.
  • They contain cardiac toxins called bufadienolides. In minor concentrations, they might cause stomach upset in your dogs. Large doses can cause changes in heart rate or rhythm.

Mother of Thousands Varieties

Bryophyllum daigremontianum (Kalanchoe daigremontiana)

Bryophyllum daigremontianum (Kalanchoe daigremontiana)

Also known as Palm tree Bryophyllum, Mexican Hat Plant, Alligator Plant, Devil’s backbone, Mother of Thousands, Chandelier Plant, and Mother of Millions.

It is a glabrous, monocarpic perennial herb. The erect cylindrical unbranched stems are 25–40 cm tall, 1 cm thick, and characterized by leaf scars.

The triangular leaves are glaucous bluish-green with brownish-black markings. The bare stems and upper whorl of leaves resemble small palm trees.

Other Bryophyllum species can propagate vegetatively from tiny plantlets that form on the leaf edges and shed one after another. The noxious weed is toxic to people, livestock, and small animals.

Bryophyllum delagoense (Kalanchoe delagoensis)

Called the “Mother of Thousands,” Kalanchoe delagoensis reproduces by “plantlets” that sprout on the tips of each leaf and drop off.

They grow in cactus, orchid bark, between bromeliad leaves, leaf litter on a cement patio, and in every container within 15 m of the mother plant.

Its capacity to reproduce vegetatively, drought endurance, and garden plant popularity have made it an invasive weed in locations like eastern Australia and many Pacific islands.

It is an annual/biannual plant that normally grows to 1 m before blooming in the winter. The flowers fade away and fresh shoots emerge from the base.

Bryophyllum fedtschenkoi (Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi)

Also known as South American air plant, Lavender Scallops, Kalanchoe stonecrop, Fedtschenkoi Kalanchoe, Gray sedum, Amethyst scallops, Aurora-borealis plant, and gray sedum.

In the tropic and temperate climates, they grow these as a houseplant. The glossy green leaves turn pink or scarlet in direct sunlight or dryness. In the winter, the purple or reddish-brown bell-shaped flowers hang loosely on upright stalks.

Bryophyllum gastonis-bonnieri (Kalanchoe gastonis-bonnieri)

Also known as Tree of Life, Sprouting Leaf, Sprout Leaf Plant, Palm Beachbells, Miracle Leaf, Leaf of Life, Good Luck Leaf, Giant Kalanchoe, Donkey’s Ear, and Life Plant.

It is known for its waxy crimson candelabras and enormous rosettes of purple-blotched, light green foliage. (Read What Do Succulent Seeds Look Like)

Bryophyllum х houghtonii (Kalanchoe х houghtonii)

Also known as Mother of Millions hybrid, Mother of Thousands, Mexican Hat Plant, Good-Luck Plant, and Devil’s Backbone.

It comes with V-shaped leaves and is a 75 cm tall biennial unbranching plant. It is native to Madagascar but is extensively grown in tropical gardens.

Now naturalized between the tropics and usually seen along the roadside.

Bryophyllum x houghtonii is a weed in several tropical countries. Plants spread via seeds and plantlets formed on the leaf margins.

It seems indestructible and is difficult to eradicate since the seeds live for years in the soil.

Bryophyllum pinnatum (Kalanchoe pinnata)

Bryophyllum pinnatum (Kalanchoe pinnata)

The kalanchoe species is also known as Cathedral Bells, Floppers, Miracle Leaf, and Life Plant. One of its popular names, Goethe Plant, comes from Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, who grew them and gave them as gifts.

It is a succulent plant that, like other members of the Bryophyllum part of the Kalanchoe genus, forms small plantlets on the margins of its leaves even after the leaves are detached from the plant.

The little plantlets emerging from the leaf margins are easy to observe why this plant is called “Life Plant” or “Miracle Leaf.”

The plantlets fall off and root, generating many new plants. They are invasive species in many regions because of their quick development.

With broader leaves, some species can get top-heavy, especially when they flower and fall over in powerful gusts of wind. However, growing tall and falling can be a reproductive strategy.

How to Grow from Plantlets

The most amazing aspect of the Mother of Thousands plant is its baby plantlets. You’ll be excited because your Mother of Thousands has spawned plantlets that are dropping off.

So, in time to grow in fresh soil, the plantlets must be separated from the mother plant.

Sow the plantlets gently into the potting soil, with their roots covered by soil. Plantlets should be spaced one to two inches apart.

Water the entire plant of the plantlets with a spray bottle during the first week to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.

Cover covering seedlings with a plastic or glass tent to create a humid environment and retain moisture if growing in hot climates.

The plantlets grow swiftly once they are in the soil. After two weeks, they should have taken root in the soil and the other plants will be ready to replant in two months.

Soak the soil in water for a few hours before replanting to loosen the roots. Because seedling roots entangle with each other and are difficult to separate, a pre-soak prevents root damage.

Prepare to replant the seedlings into their respective pots by carefully pulling apart the seedlings. With a fragile stem, the seedling should be 3 inches tall.

There should be four huge leaves total. Seedlings will produce their plantlets even before they are large enough to produce flowers!

If you live in a tropical or subtropical area, you can put the seedlings right outside and they will thrive.

However, if you’re replanting in larger trays or pots indoors in a temperate zone, you’ll need to wait until the plant is at least a foot tall before planting it outside in the spring or summer.

Warm temperatures are required for the plant to thrive. Replant in a half-compost, half-perlite mixture with enough drainage.

You’ll get a decent-looking plant around a foot tall in three to five months. Mother of Thousands plants is thirsty.

Despite their resemblance to a blue agave or aloe vera, these are not desert plants and should not be treated like one. The adult Mother of Thousands enjoys water and thrives in a rich compost environment.

Mother Of Thousands Varieties

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