Nothing beats fresh tomatoes right off the vine, but keeping a vegetable garden can be work-consuming, and many have a small space rather than ample room; not everyone has space in their yard for full-sized gardening.
To overcome this obstacle and many others, you can consider a vegetable garden box layout. Here you use a raised garden layout that takes up as much space as a couple of small shrubs.
Besides this, raised garden beds offer considerably more benefits where you can have plants closer together in beds four feet wide, yet they deliver a more bountiful harvest. A raised bed garden can be just the weekend project you are looking for.
A raised garden vegetable layout is filled with light, nutrient-rich soil and easily produce double the yield in half-space as if you weren’t using a raised garden bed layout.
Raised bed planting plans also offer ease of access, and any gardener will find it easy to work on these rather than bend for pots. As they are not at ground level, there are fewer problems from frost as the gardens and their soil warm quicker. (Read Companion Planting Garden Layout Guide)
By the end of our raised bed planting guide, you can see how such an easy raised bed planting design uses a few pieces of wood where you can create raised bed garden layout plans that span across your yard regardless of the soil conditions.
Planning raised beds is easier than you think once you know which plants are suitable for companion planting and those best left to pots or containers on their own.
What Can You Plant Together in a Raised Bed?
Any gardener with a raised bed plants plans and growing vegetables and herbs will want the most from their garden plans and their raised beds. Here are the growing vegetables you can mix in your raised bed vegetable garden layout plans.
Basil from your herb garden will help produce larger tomato yields while also repelling flies and mosquitoes. Another ideal partner is marigolds, which fight nematodes and other plant pests. Asparagus, carrots, celery, the onion family, lettuce, parsley, and spinach are just a few examples. (Read Tomatoes Square Foot Gardening Guide)
Peppers benefit from basil because it repels aphids, spider mites, mosquitoes, and flies. Basil is also thought to enhance the flavor of the pepper. Onions, spinach, and tomatoes are also agreeable partners.
Corn and beans grow nicely together in your garden plans because the beans will climb up the thin plants, eliminating the need for a trellis. Beans also help corn grow by fixing nitrogen in the soil.
Summer savory, marigolds, nasturtiums, rosemary, and marigolds repel bean bugs, while summer savory boosts growth rate and flavor. Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage family members, cucumbers, peas, potatoes, and radishes are also good raised bed layout growing vegetables.
Plant marigolds and nasturtiums among them as part of your small garden layout ideas to keep aphids and beetles away from your cucumbers. Companion plants include beans, celery, corn, lettuce, dill, peas, and radishes.
Because onions repel the carrot fly, carrots should be planted near onions. Plant onions near aphid-prone veggies to keep the aphids away. Beets, cabbage, carrots, lettuce, parsnips (which also suffer from carrot fly), tomatoes, and spices like marjoram, savory, and rosemary are all wonderful friends of onions. (Read Plants That Repel Flies)
Plant mint among your lettuce to keep slugs away from the leaves, or chives and garlic to keep aphids at bay. Companion plants include beans, beets, broccoli, carrots, corn, peas, radishes, and marigolds. Ladybugs that consume aphids are attracted to marigolds.
Summer Squash & Zucchini
Corn and squash are ideal garden friends because the cornstalks provide a place for squash vines to grow. Squash goes well with beans, peas, radishes, dill, and marigolds when planted together.
Carrots are heat sensitive, which is why they pair nicely with tomato plants that may give some shade. Tomatoes also produce solanine, a natural pesticide that is effective against pests that attack carrot plants.
Carrots are also beneficial to tomatoes. Carrots help aerate poor soil in the garden bed surrounding tomato plants’ roots, allowing more air and water. Carrots and leeks make wonderful companions because carrots repel carrot flies and leeks repel leek moths and onion flies. Carrot flies are also deterred by rosemary, sage, and chive.
Cucumber beetles will be drawn away from cucumbers if radishes are planted among them. They also thrive in the presence of carrots since they are picked before the carrots and soften the soil when the carrots take. With onions, beets, cabbage, kale, lettuce, spinach, and squash, radishes get along well.
Green beans, for example, are a favorite of corn because they fix nitrogen in the soil. Corn stalks can also be used as a trellis for vining or trailing plants such as beans, cucumbers, peas, pumpkins, and melons. Zucchini grows well when planted with corn.
How do you arrange plants in a raised bed?
Pick Your Raised Garden Plans Layouts and Location
As long as you follow a few easy criteria, raised garden beds can be placed anywhere in your yard, including alongside a roadway. Garden plants require a lot of light, so choose a location that gets direct sunshine for most of the day.
Choose a spot with some wind protection, such as neighboring trees, plants, or a fence. You’ll need a location with easy access to water, but you don’t want to install a raised bed in the middle of a water gathering area. (Learn When To Harvest Kale)
Pick Measurements Appropriate for Your Crops
The height of a raised garden bed is beneficial in two ways. Soil level is raised, making it easier to tend to plants without stooping, which can be painful. Second, a raised bed is filled with lighter soil than standard garden soil, allowing plants to grow faster and healthier.
The height of a raised garden bed varies from 12 to 20 inches off the ground. Wheelchair users can choose even higher sides to reach the plants. It should be three feet wide to tend to the raised bed comfortably. (Read Vegetable Garden Layout)
Use the Right Materials
Raised garden beds should be made of water- and rot-resistant wood. It’s also possible to build your beds from scratch using concrete, landscaping, or rot-resistant woods like cedar, redwood, and other water-resistant materials.
Use the Right Soil
Growing a healthy garden on the ground is difficult if your soil is high in clay or sand. A superior soil mix for raised beds is a mix of topsoil and compost. You can buy it from the garden center, or you can make your own. Fill your raised bed with professional potting soil designed for growing fruit and vegetables. (Find the Best Soil for Tomatoes)
Arrange Plants According to Height.
When harvesting short plants, you don’t want to reach through a tall tomato plant to get them. As a result, plant taller plants, like corn or okra, along the raised bed’s middle line to grow height.
Plant medium-height plants like peppers on either side. Finally, place the shortest plants, like radishes and carrots, along the bed’s edge. This allows you to reach any plant from either side of the raised bed.
The raised bed’s soil is loftier and fluffier than a typical garden, allowing plant roots to spread quickly and absorb nutrients. Starting with a slow-release garden fertilizer to help your crops thrive. Use the pack suggestions or weaker but never more.
Avoid non-fruit and vegetable fertilizers as they could contain nutrients that increase foliage but decrease yield and size.
What Vegetables Grow Best in Raised Beds?
For root crops, raised beds are perfect. Carrots, beets, radishes, and parsnips grow best in loose, rock-free soil with lots of space. When cultivating plants for their roots, it’s vital to have complete control over the soil.
Raised beds can be filled with the perfect soil for your needs, free of rocks, clay, and debris that could hinder root growth or cause root malformation.
Raised beds are ideal for greens like lettuce, spinach, and kale. Plant these cool-weather crops as soon as you can get a trowel into your soil. Because raised bed soil warms up more quickly than ground soil, you can start planting these crops earlier and receive many harvests before summer arrives.
Leafy greens also don’t tolerate wet roots, so they’re perfect for raised beds. Thanks to the quick-draining soil in your beds, your lovely lettuces will never have to stand in water for too long.
For three reasons, onions are a perfect crop to grow in raised beds. They prefer a long growing season and well-draining soil with enough organic content. Nature can customize raised bed soil to your needs, so if you know you’ll be planting onions, add enough compost. Onions grown from seeds might take up to 100 days to reach maturity.
You’ll want to keep these kids in the garden for as long as you can if you live somewhere with four seasons. Because the soil on a raised bed warms up much faster than the ground, you can start planting your onions early.
Tomatoes are heavy feeders that require nutrient-rich soil to thrive. You can quickly adapt your soil to your demands by adding extra compost as you fill the beds using a raised bed. Growing tomatoes in raised beds have only one disadvantage: tomato cages and stakes are more challenging to stand in the loose soil.
Potatoes thrive well in raised beds and are also much easier to harvest. Hilling soil around the shoots assists the plants as they grow. You may enclose your hills in a raised bed, and you can even create a bed that you can expand as your plants grow. Potatoes require loose, loamy, and well-draining soil.
They thrive in loose soil that allows them to spread out freely and keeps them from rotting. A raised bed has the advantage of giving you complete control over the soil. Larger tubers and higher yields are produced by potatoes planted in raised beds.
What Flowers Are Best for Raised Beds?
When you are doing your planting plans for raised flower beds, you can choose from ones that are good for your vegetables, fragrant flowers, or ones to add visual interest. Here are some of the best-raised bed layout plants you can find for your front yard or close to your herb garden.
Many more plants can be grown that attract birds, butterflies, and bees, yet these are great for a garden layout that adds a difference to your choice of perennials.
Grow in yellows, browns, or a mix of colors from 3 to 16 feet. Many are drought and heat-resistant and attract bees, birds, and butterflies. It can be grown in raised beds or large pots on your patio as long as you have full sun.
Many colors up to 6 feet and attracts pollinators and birds. Seeds can be planted in the spring or the fall.
It grows in many colors up to 2 feet, and it attracts butterflies.
It grows in reds and gold and is one of the best Mosquito Repellent Plants you can grow on your patio or around your house.
Morning bloomers in white, purple, pink, red, and blue can grow to 15 feet tall, so they can quickly build visual interest at the start of the day. They attract garden pest-eating birds, although they are poisonous when eaten.
They grow orange, red, yellow, and ivory shades up to 10 feet tall and are edible plants for flowers and leaves.
Grows in full sun in a raised bed garden with purple shades, white and pink thrown in up to 24 inches. Lavender is a high attractor of bees and butterflies while keeping mosquitos away (Lavandin variety).
Make Raised Garden Bed Planting Plans for Next Year.
When the summer ends and your plants stop producing, it’s time to overwinter your raised garden bed. This step adds organic nutrients to the soil and conditions it throughout the season, making it ready to plant again in the spring. (Create Your Garden with Free Landscape Design Online)
All season, you will have contended with a few weeds, yet a good layer of mulch can see these off.
Whether you have created your first raised garden bed planting guide, always consider next season as crop rotation can also play a large part in your following season’s harvests.