In the height of summer, there is nothing more rewarding than plucking your own avocado from your own avocados trees in your garden.
To purchase the fruit from the store can be expensive, so it makes sense to grow an avocado tree in your yard.
The question is much more than how do you care for an avocado tree, and has more to do where should I grow an avocado tree, mainly if your yard isn’t the largest.
This guide shows you all you need to know about how to grow an avocado tree in your garden for success. (Read Can You Grow Cherry Trees From Cherry Pits)
Where Do Avocados Grow Best?
It can be straightforward to grow avocado trees in your yard, yet you may need some patience if you decide to grow from an avocado seed. It can take around 13 years to bear fruit, while if you begin with a young avocado plant, it may produce fruit in about four years.
Avocado trees do grow well indoors, and using a terracotta pot allows air and water to flow to the root’s matt. A good 6-8-inch pot with drainage holes is perfect, and you can move your tree as it grows. (Read Our Guide to Growing Onions in Pots)
Tree Avocado like their soil with a pH of around 6 to 6.5, therefore, if your soil is on the heavier clay side, then you will need to keep your tree elevated in a mound to offer better drainage.
For the size of a mature avocado tree, you will find an avocado tree that offers a shallow root system, and most of the feeder roots sit in the upper 6 inches of soil.
When growing avocado trees, you need to water two to three times per week while the roots begin reaching to the bulk soil. When you water, you need deep watering and then it should dry before you water the next time. Mature trees can take around 20 gallons of water per day.
You can also mulch avocados tree using something around 2-inches in diameter (cocoa bean husks or redwood bark) and keeping it 6-inches away from the tree trunk. Younger trees can be fertilized with 1/2 to 1 lb. of nitrogen once per year.
San Diego County, Orange County, Los Angeles County and Riverside County among others with similar climates are ideal. Temperatures need to be around 60 to 85 Fahrenheit and moderate amounts of humidity. (Read Best Chainsaws for the Money)
Do Avocados Like Sun or Shade?
When you are looking at how to plant avocado trees, you need to know how to grow avocado trees in their infancy rather than in maturity.
The location happens to be one of the chief criteria when growing avocado. In the younger years, they lack the tough bark to protect themselves from the strong sun. When planting, you will need to plant under shade as it is in a native environment.
As it grows, it toughens and breaks through the canopy of the plant offering shade in the early days. It could be possible to whitewash the trunk, yet in some areas, this isn’t an option as it is too hot.
You can plant on the north sides of your home, or if you have larger trees providing shade. Some of the gardener’s erect poles and hang shade cloth to offer protection for the first 2-3 until the avocado has the foliage to protect itself.
As it begins to reach the stage of delivering fruit, it requires sun to both flower and offer fruits.
What Can I Plant Next to My Avocado?
Depending on your yard size, you may be limited to one tree that you can grow comfortably. If this is the case, you may wonder what you can grow alongside your avocado to keep it company.
Once your tree grows, it may offer too much shade for certain things to grow, although you can grow beneath the trees in the form of comfrey, lemongrass, leeks, onions, mint and lemon balm.
Once you move away from your tree, you should plant any flowers or herbs, which attract pollinating bees such as lavender, rosemary and borage. (Read Can You Grow Rosemary From Cuttings)
Can I Plant My Avocado Tree Close to My House?
As avocado trees grow, they have a very aggressive roots system. Because most roots are in the topsoil layers, they spread fast and easily.
With this in mind, you should not plant an avocado trees within 30 feet of your home, buildings, and even any other trees as they can choke these in their search for water, air, and nutrients.
The roots have been known to spread under pavements and crack the concrete as they search for water and nutrients. (Learn How To Prune Arborvitae)
One thing to be cautious of is the location you have your avocado. They are prone to suffering from flooding, and if the root ball remains wet, it means they can lack nutrients, and their growth will become stunted.
Besides, if the soil remains wet, the Phytophthora fungi can set in, as can root rot.
You can find dwarf varieties that are suitable for growing in pots or containers, yet the levels of fruit will be far less than the 200 per growing season a full-size mature tree can deliver.
Even if your yard isn’t suitable for an avocado, you can grow them indoors as you would any other houseplant.
You can grow these from the seeds after you sprout them in water or directly in the potting soil. Once they become established, any sunny window or area will keep them happy as will some regular fertilizer in the spring or summer. (Read What is the Difference Between Blood Meal vs Bone Meal)
Growing conditions are much like other sun-loving plants, yet if you desire fruit, it may be a better choice to look at purchasing a small tree that you can locate far enough away from your home garden landscape.